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Some animals can be domesticated, while others remain wild by nature. We have compiled information about animal domestication for you. here are the details…
Why Are Animals Domesticated?
Some of the wild animals, which find their own food and shelter in nature, defend themselves against their enemies, and thus continue their lineage with their lives, have been domesticated by humans. Although the accustoming of these animals to cohabitation with humans through human care is the first stage of domestication, the real goal of this long process is that these animals have higher meat, milk or egg yields, are more durable as pack or riding animals, and are better able to track or guard the hunt. to make it more useful to humans by adapting it to new conditions, such as producing prone domestic strains. These occur at the end of the following processes:
Centuries of meticulous selection
Long before they settled down and started farming, people used animals to provide food and clothing. First of all, they were content with hunting the wild animals around them in order to feed their stomachs. However, over time, they realized that catching these animals and trapping them was a safer way than hunting.
Can any animal be tamed?
Therefore, they learned to domesticate the animals that would be most beneficial to them. It was not easy for humans to catch and tame a wild animal that instinctively defends itself against its enemies. For this reason, people probably first started by accustoming and feeding young animals that were injured or lost in the forest, and after a while, they learned which animals were more docile, prone to domestication, and more beneficial to them.
Previously, they only kept animals whose meat they could eat, so even the domestication of horses and dogs began. It coincides with later dates when these animals started to benefit from their meat, milk, eggs, fleece, hair, leather, horns, as well as their power. Later, the offspring of animals such as horses and cows became the focus of attention of children and became cute.
In this respect, we can express the use of animals in domestication in three ways:
Products benefited from: Cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, poultry
Those whose power is used: cattle, horses, donkeys, camels
Benefiting from friendships: Cat, dog, some birds and aquarium fish
While even some of the domestic animals could not be kept at home, people tried to feed non-domestic animals such as lions, jagurars and crocodiles at home. However, because they could not be domesticated and lost the wildness of their natural impulses, humans were attacked by these animals. There are main rules of keeping pets at home. Things like providing food and water for animals, keeping them clean and educating them on certain issues are at the top of these rules.
Domestication of Animals
The offspring of most wild animals are taken from their mothers when they are very young and removed from the wild. When raised by humans in a civilized environment, this animal is easily tamed. However, when they become adults, it is not clear what they will do if the inherited social behavior in their genes suddenly comes to light. That is, human habituation and domestication should not be confused with each other. While human habituation is to destroy the instinct of freedom by force or cunning; Domestication is the instinct to live in groups. Animals living alone or in pairs can only be habituated to humans.
Especially some birds of prey such as falcon, hawk and hawk have been domesticated for hunting injuries. Among insects, there are only two domesticated species: the honey bee, domesticated in the Neolithic Age, and the silkworm, domesticated in China around 3000 BC.
The first domesticated animal was the dog about ten thousand years ago, followed by goats and sheep, followed by cattle and pigs, and then horses. Cats were domesticated thousands of years later than dogs, perhaps because of their independent nature, and their domestication goal was to get rid of harmful rodents such as mice. This is known from documents dating from the ancient Egyptians.
According to one definition, domestication consists of the innate tendency to live in a herd and under the leadership of a head in some animal species, and therefore animals are said to submit to it, even willingly, while according to another definition, domestication is the fact that the control of the animal’s reproduction, settlement and food has passed to humans. it’s called. These animals no longer have individual personalities, they have formed a pack.
Domestication also affects the mental health of animals and often causes a decline.
For example, male geese neglect their fatherly and protective duties, and their brains become 20 percent lighter. In other words, the way the animal perceives the world changes. Since the danger of hunting is not in the middle, there is a weakening in their reaction.
Antelopes and hyenas were tried to be domesticated in ancient Egypt. Likewise, efforts to tame martens are seen in the Middle Ages. It was later abandoned, but it is known that hyena trainers live in Nigeria and Kenya.
Many animals may not have been domesticated either because humans did not need or show the necessary patience.
While preparing this content, help was taken from the neoldu site.
We have compiled information about animal domestication for you. Do not forget to share your questions and thoughts on this subject, as well as in the comments…
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