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Investment, one of the most heard concepts of recent times; It means investing the capital available in different businesses or tools to earn income. The person who owns the capital making this transaction is considered as an investor. Investment is divided into different types according to the way the capital is used and the work to be done. The basic logic of the investment is that the invested amount does not decrease and increase. However, there may be situations where the investments made are negative, that is, losses are incurred.
What is Investment?
Another concept used when defining investment is expectation. Accordingly, investors buy a certain expectation with the capital they have. This expectation is, of course, the expectation of profit. However, the rate of expectation is also very important for investors. In situations where the earnings level is low, investors avoid risking their money. For this reason, it is important to have a good cost/benefit ratio. An investment requires a good planning process to be successful. Most of the investments made indiscriminately result in losses.
The concept of entrepreneurship and investment are often confused and used interchangeably. However, there are lines that clearly separate the two concepts from each other. Entrepreneurs are people who have both a business idea and capital. He acts with the urge to make a profit by financing his own idea. However, there are cases where the entrepreneur does not have capital. At this point, investors come into play. Investors are people who own capital. With this capital, he can invest in his own business as well as finance successful business ideas. It is not necessary for the investment to always be a business idea. The investor, who owns capital, can evaluate the money in the annex by turning to instruments that are not a physical business but are considered investments.
Types of Investments – What are the Types?
There are many different derivations used when talking about investment. The basis of so much speciation is how the concept of investment is defined. According to an accepted definition, it is usual to examine investment types under three headings:
Capital Investment: Capital investments, which still have the most important place among investment types – refers to investments made in physical works. Methods such as establishing a production facility, making physical production, taking over an existing workplace, financing a production or sales-oriented business idea are considered as capital investments. This type of investment has advantages such as contributing to the country’s economy, creating employment opportunities and creating social value.
Financial Investment: Financial investments are investments that do not physically produce or sell. Financial investment instruments constitute the main point of this type. Stocks traded on the stock exchange, time deposits, gold or foreign currency investments, repo and bond purchases and mutual funds are within the framework of financial investments. Although financial investments offer greater earnings opportunities than capital investments, they are disadvantageous in that they do not contribute to employment and do not contribute to society.
Net Investment: The concept of net investment is a concept used by both the government and companies. It means investing with the remaining money after deducting all expenses and depreciation items from the net profit of the business within a year. This is valuable because it is a method that allows businesses to grow regularly with their own internal resources.
How to Invest?
Investing is easy, making the right investment is quite difficult. There are a number of issues that need to be considered in order not to incur losses in investments and to avoid loss of capital. At the beginning of these issues, the investment is made with real assets during periods of financial strength. Investments made without sufficient equity, by borrowing or using credit carry great risk. It is necessary to avoid this method completely, especially in times of crisis when interest rates are high. The strongest investment is that which is made entirely from equity and does not create debt. Another important issue is the duration of the investment. Investors must determine how long to wait when investing their money in a business or a vehicle. The most profitable method in both financial and capital investments is to make long-term plans. Because the success rate in short-term plans is often low. Finally, it is possible to talk about the good planning of risks. The losses that may arise from the investment to be made should be determined, these risks should be accepted and the investment should be started.
We have given you information about investment types. Do not forget to share your questions and thoughts on this subject, as well as in the comments…
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