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Laser epilation is more preferred because it is more permanent and healthy compared to other epilation types. Laser epilation, which permanently removes unwanted hair, regardless of whether it is a woman or a man, is a painless method compared to classical methods.
When applied with the necessary devices and experts, it is more effective and harmless. The area to be applied, skin type, skin color, and hair structure are examined by the experts, and the type of device to be used is determined, and the individual is informed in how many sessions he or she will get rid of unwanted hair.
The main goal in laser epilation is to destroy the hair follicles, not the hair. With the application of laser beams to the hair root, the function of the stem cell that provides the development of the hair is impaired. In this way, the hair is prevented from appearing on the skin surface again.
What is laser hair removal?
The laser, which is a light beam obtained by excitation of rays, is used in many fields such as medical and aesthetics. Laser epilation, which is used to eliminate hair growth, which is a cosmetic and psychosocial problem, is a procedure that has been applied for 25 years on average.
In laser epilation, which can be applied all over the body, the hair must not be touched or cut for at least 15 days before the first application. In this way, both the amount and hardness of the hairs can be observed sufficiently, and it is aimed to increase the benefit to be provided by the laser.
After planning, the area to be treated is cleaned. After the parameters such as hair type and density, skin type and color are observed by the experts, the application starts by making serial shots to the desired area with the necessary device.
The completion of the process differs according to the skin and hair type, color and width of the area. The process should be repeated in a number of periods. The goal of laser epilation is to destroy unwanted hair follicles. At this stage, the sudden heat generated by the laser light is more effective on dark hairs.
How Is Laser Hair Removal Done?
The skin surface is scanned with the rays sent to the skin by the head of the laser epilation device. The rays reaching the skin of the person are held by the substance called melanin, which gives the hair its color.
In this way, the energy sent by the laser turns into heat energy on the hair surface. The heat transmitted from the hair to the hair root causes the hair root to be destroyed in a very short time. With the deformation of the stem cells in the hair root in this way, the individual is freed from the existing hair in the relevant region forever.
What are the types of laser hair removal?
There are four different types of laser hair removal in use. The effectiveness of these laser epilation devices, which have different wavelengths, differs according to the skin, hair type and color of the person. The wavelength determines the skin penetration capacity of the device. The shorter the wavelength, the greater the retention by the hair root.
The pain felt at the larger wavelength is high. However, these may differ with the differences and settings between devices. The types of laser epilation applied in general can be listed as follows:
Ruby Laser: This laser type with a wavelength of 694 nm is effective on very short hairs. Ruby Laser, which is more effective on light-colored skin types, is effective on areas such as the upper lip.
Alexandrite Laser: The Alexandrite Laser, with a wavelength of 755 nm, which can be performed without damaging the nearby tissues, shortens the session time by quickly affecting large areas, as it has a large head. It is effective on not very dark skin and dark hair. With the high cooling system, there is no feeling of pain. After the application, unwanted hairs are removed from the body. Melanin, which gives color to body hair, is well retained by the Alexandrite Laser. Therefore, it has more effect on individuals with light skin color.
Diode Laser: Diode Laser with a wavelength of 800 nm is very effective in removing fine hairs. It is used together with the cooling gel, as it acts on the skin from a close distance. This laser, which is applied on all skin types, is also effective on ingrown hair follicles. Since there is a manual adjustment facility, dark skin types can be treated without harming them.
Nd: Yag Laser: This type of laser, which is very effective in dark and light skinned individuals, makes the pain taste more than others. Nd: Yag Laser, known for its wavelength of 1064 nm, is very effective on light colored and thin hairs, thanks to its large diameter tip and long pulse duration.
On Which Body Areas Can Laser Hair Removal Be Applied?
Laser epilation can be processed on all body parts using the necessary device. The areas of the body where laser epilation is frequently applied can be listed as follows:
Underarm Laser Epilation: Armpit laser epilation, which is frequently used for both aesthetics and cleaning, is generally preferred by women. Since the hair in the armpit area is relatively thick, epilation usually ends between 4 and 6 sessions.
Undesirable conditions such as ingrown do not occur after laser epilation. Since the laser beam, which affects the hairs during laser epilation, does not damage the tissues under the skin, it can be used safely.
Bikini Area Laser Epilation: The success rate of this epilation type, which can be defined as the removal of hair outside the bikini / underskirt area with laser epilation, is extremely high. Usually, after 6 sessions, the person is free of hair in the relevant area.
Genital Area Laser Epilation: Genital area laser epilation, which is applied by those who choose to have permanent hair removal in the genital area, takes about 4 or 6 sessions depending on the thick and dark hair in this area. The effectiveness of laser epilation, which is extremely effective in pubic hair, in the labium region is lower than in the pubic region. The laser beam used in laser epilation of the genital area does not harm the tissues and organs under the skin.
Leg Area Laser Hair Removal: Hair growth in the leg area, where genetic factors play a role, can also occur on the upper leg, especially the lower leg. Depending on the large area, partial or all leg hair can be removed with laser epilation in the leg area, which takes a relatively longer time. Leg area laser epilation application usually takes 6 sessions.
Arm Area Laser Epilation: Arm area laser epilation, which is preferred by both women and men, can take up to 10 sessions depending on the different structure of the hairs in the arm area. It is recommended not to apply during the summer months when the arms are usually exposed.
Chest Area Laser Epilation: With this epilation type, which is usually done by men, it is aimed to remove all the hair in the chest area or to dilute the hairs. Diode or Alexandrite Laser types can be applied in this region.
Back Area Laser Epilation: Hair in the back area can sometimes cause ingrown hairs. Laser epilation on the back, which is applied with both aesthetic and health concerns, is more preferred by men. The amount of melanin is high in the thick and deeply located back hairs. Therefore, the effectiveness of laser epilation in the area is also high. The use of diode lasers in the back area is common.
Laser Epilation of the Nape Area: The problem of hair growth from the hair follicles to the back is generally not desired by men due to aesthetic and hygiene problems. Due to the thinness of the hair in the nape area, it may take up to 10 sessions to completely clean this area from hair. Women may also experience hair growth in this region. If the hair in this area is very thin, laser epilation may not be effective.
Laser Hair Removal of the Neck Area: Hair regrowth and acne breakouts in the neck area, which is considered the shaving area in men, are quite common. During shaving with traditional methods, the skin may become irritated and sometimes cut. With laser epilation, it is aimed to reduce the amount of hair in the area or to completely destroy it.
Facial Laser Hair Removal: Facial hair removal may be due to genetic or hormonal disorders. For this reason, in women with facial hair, first of all, it is ensured that the hormone level is checked and the existing disease is treated, if any. If the facial hair is genetic, the area hair can be cleaned and destroyed by applying the diode laser process in the epilation of this area.
Mustache Area Laser Epilation: Even the fine hairs in this area can sometimes make the person feel uncomfortable. The fact that the hairs in the area are thin and light in color may cause the application time for laser epilation in the mustache area to prolong. Epilation of this area takes approximately 10 sessions.
Laser Hair Removal of the Chin Area: Like facial hair, hair growth in the chin area may also be hormonal. For this reason, it is recommended that the person has health checks first. In cases where there is widespread hair growth in the chin area, the application may take up to 10 sessions.
How Many Sessions Are Laser Epilations And How Long Are The Session Intervals?
Since the hairs in the area during laser epilation are of different lengths, the effectiveness of the laser is different accordingly. For this reason, it is not possible to destroy all the hairs in the area in a single application in one session. Body structure, hormonal balance and skin type differences also affect the application times.
Session durations also vary according to the width of the area to be treated. While laser epilation applied on the upper lip takes only seconds, it takes about 10 minutes for the entire face. Or, while it takes about 1 and a half hours for both legs, it can take 15 minutes for the armpit and bikini area, and about 40 minutes for the male back.
For the same reasons, the time intervals for the application are usually around 1 and a half months.
In How Many Sessions Does Laser Epilation Process End?
The effectiveness of laser epilation; It differs according to the person’s physical and hormonal structure, skin and hair color, and the hardness of the hair in the application area. Areas such as underarms, lower legs, and bikini areas may take 4 to 8 sessions, while areas such as face, arms and back may take 6 to 12 sessions. In other words, the substance called melanin, which gives color to body hair, ensures better absorption of laser beams.
As a result, dark body hair is more exposed to the sudden heat created by laser epilation. The ease of laser irradiation capture allows for faster destruction of this type of hair mole. This is why light-colored body hair is more difficult to remove with laser epilation compared to dark-colored ones.
What are the Factors Affecting the Success of Laser Hair Removal?
Device selection is very important for a successful laser epilation application. After the selection made according to the skin and hair type of the individual, laser epilation is performed. In the laser epilation application, which is recommended to be done by people who have sufficient knowledge and experience in this field, other things that affect the success are skin and hair color. The success of laser epilation is directly related to the skin color of the person.
Individuals with light skin color can easily increase the dose. Hair color and hair thickness cause the effectiveness of laser hair removal to differ from person to person. In individuals with dark hair, laser hair removal is more effective. It is recommended that people with light colored hair have epilation with diode laser.
Things to Consider Before and After Laser Hair Removal
Things to consider before laser hair removal are as follows;
Sun or solarium tanning reduces the effectiveness of the laser.
Before coming to laser epilation, products such as cream and oil should not be used.
No other type of epilation should be applied until one month before laser epilation and the hair should be extended.
One day before laser epilation, the hairs should be cut with a razor and made ready for application.
Things to consider after laser hair removal are as follows;
As long as the application area is red, it should not be exposed to the sun.
The hairs growing in the application area should not be interfered with.
It should be ensured that the application area does not sweat.
Devices that produce heat such as hot water, washing with fiber and hair dryer should not be used.
What are the Side Effects of Laser Hair Removal?
Since the laser used in laser epilation only targets the hair follicles without damaging the skin and sweat glands, it is extremely safe to use. However, some pain may be felt during the application. In addition to other epilation applications, a slight redness and edema may occur after laser epilation applications, which can be considered painless. Steroid-containing creams applied by your specialist quickly relieve these complaints. In addition, although side effects such as thin crust, hyper and hypopigmentation in the vesicles are observed, all of these are temporary complications.
What are the Harms of Laser Hair Removal?
Laser epilation only affects the hair root. It is aimed to burn the root by shining laser light on the melanin pigment in the hair root. The most important feature that distinguishes the laser from other methods is that it does not damage the tissue around the hair and its root. Therefore, it does not require any restrictions after the procedure. It does not leave any stains or traces, as appropriate shots are made by experts with appropriate devices. Although it is said that the laser applied to the genital area is dangerous, it does not cause any harm to the area as the application does not go under the skin. It has no known link with skin cancer. There is no proven harm of laser epilation in other areas where it is applied.
Is Laser Hair Removal Permanent?
When the sessions of laser epilation, which gives fast and effective results, are completed, you will get rid of unwanted hair and hair completely. Thanks to laser epilation, which destroys the hair follicles by burning, it is not possible for the hair to grow again. However, it is important for its effectiveness, duration and health to be done by experts with the right devices.
Who Can Have Laser Epilation?
When laser epilation can be performed depends on the date of the person’s first menstruation. In general, it is recommended for the person to have regular periods for 2 years to start laser epilation. In other words, the age to start laser epilation is between 16-17. Thus, the person’s hair is developed as much as possible. However, in cases where there are social indications, laser epilation can be started at an earlier age. Since laser hair removal is a personal application, the age of onset also differs from person to person.
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