Makalemizi paylaşmayı ve duygularınızı emoji simgeleriyle ifade etmeyi unutmayın 🤗
🎭Offers a Magic Fan🎟️
Hello dear readers. We regularly pay bills every month for electricity and water usage, two of our basic needs. It is also a brutal reality that these bills are raised regularly, even sporadically.
So, what kind of savings plans can we implement in order not to have difficulty in paying the electricity and water bills with the three cents we earn? What can be done to save electricity and water? Here are the details…
HOW TO SAVING ELECTRICITY AND WATER?
SAVING ON WATER
Although Turkey is a country surrounded by seas on three sides, it is among the countries that suffer from water shortages.
Turkey is located in a “semi-arid” region with extreme temperatures. The average amount of precipitation falling in Turkey is 643 mm, which is much below the world average of precipitation.
The amount of water per capita, which was calculated as 1,422 cubic meters in 2015, is calculated as 1,386 cubic meters as of 2017.
Meriç-Ergene Western Black Sea Region
0.76 billion tons 5.09 billion tons
749,510 population 1,879,209 population 1,014 tons/person/year 2,705,93 tons/person/year
water stress water rich
3.1 billion tons 2.84 billion tons
2,721,221 population 17,608,408 population
1.139.19 tons/person/year 161.06 tons/person/year
Water stress Absolute scarcity
Sakarya Eastern Black Sea Region
4.03 billion tons 9.36 billion tons
7,262,833 inhabitants 2,404,480 inhabitants
554.88 tons/person/year 3.892.73 tons/person/year
scarcity rich in water
Turkey Average (2015)
112 billion tons
WHICH CITY CONSUMES HOW MUCH WATER?
Sometimes it is necessary to carry water from different basins to cities in order to feed Turkey’s 20 most populated cities. Even though Istanbul is the city that consumes the most water in Turkey according to population density, water consumption does not always have to be in the same proportion as the amount of population: Temperature, usage habits, touristic activities and loss/illegal rate can also be factors.
* Water supplied from the Melen Stream and Yeşilçay systems is also included in the dam water usage amount of Istanbul.
How to Save Water at Home?
how to save water
You can implement the following methods to reduce water consumption at home:
Taking a bath causes an average of 3 times more water consumption than taking a shower. To save water in the bathroom, you can choose to take a shower instead of taking a bath.
Instead of washing the dishes by hand, washing the dishes in the dishwasher with full capacity in accordance with the program you have chosen will be a good step towards saving water.
Keep your faucet turned off and do not waste water while brushing teeth or shaving at the sink.
When you say how to save water at home, it is very important to repair leaking faucets and siphons. Take care of broken faucets.
Use shower heads that consume less water, and siphon installations that allow half-siphoning. While making a profit in the long run, you also save water.
Do not keep the tap open all the time while washing vegetables and fruits. Wash it by placing it in a bowl and filling it with water.
Use the water you wash and boil the vegetables and fruits to irrigate the plants.
Choose Batteries That Will Help You Save
If your water faucets are not solid and dripping water, it means that water is wasted. Therefore, we recommend that you replace or repair your broken batteries as soon as possible. If you are going to change the battery, you can save water by purchasing photocell batteries that detect hand movements and thus turn on and off automatically.
HOW TO SAVING ELECTRICITY?
how to save electricity
Don’t Leave Light Bulbs On Unnecessarily
In whatever area you want to save money, the first step is to consider whether you really need something and act accordingly. So, for example, don’t leave a lamp you don’t need on. Because a light bulb that burns unnecessarily for 5 minutes every day; 150 minutes a month, 1800 minutes a year, that is, 30 hours is wasted.
Do not leave the plug of the electronic goods you do not use in the socket!
Even though it is turned off, unplug the battery, television, phone charger, whatever is plugged in. Know that the products that are plugged into the socket, but that you are not using at the moment, consume electricity contrary to what many people think. Because electronic products that are plugged in continue to consume electricity, although not as much as when they work.
Choose Energy Saving Bulbs
“You should also pay attention to the bulbs you choose among the things to be done to save electricity. So, which bulbs are used to save electricity?
LED bulbs are recommended in this topic. Because LED bulbs consume 80% less electrical energy on average than incandescent (classic) bulbs. In addition, the fact that incandescent bulbs can produce the light level they produce with lower Watts also contributes to your energy savings. In addition, LED bulbs have a lifespan of approximately 10 years.
You can also save electricity by using solar energy bulbs in places such as balconies and gardens.
Consider Energy Class When Buying Electronics and White Goods
Although all the points you need to pay attention to during the use of white goods will benefit you in saving electricity, you should know that energy classes may be more important in this regard.
Energy classes; It is shown with letters and a plus sign, and enlightens you on the amount of energy consumed by the electrical products you use. As you progress through the alphabet, energy efficiency drops; that is, a washing machine with energy class A is more efficient than energy class B. The plus (+) sign is only added to the A energy class. The higher the plus sign, the higher the energy efficiency. In other words, A+++ saves much more energy than A+.
Tips for Consuming Less Electricity When Using Refrigerators and Freezers
Although it may not sound convincing, putting your refrigerator and freezer in the right place can affect the amount of energy they consume. For this reason, it is recommended to put the refrigerator and freezer in a place that does not get sunlight and where the back and sides can breathe.
Your refrigerator and freezer work to maintain the temperature setting you have set. Opening the lids frequently, placing hot food or placing more food than the filling capacity may cause these devices to work harder to maintain the temperature you have set. Thus, the electrical energy consumption also increases.
Setting the refrigerator temperature setting to a lower level than ideal will cause both food spoilage and increased electricity consumption. Ideal temperature; +4°C for the refrigerator section and -18°C for the freezer section.
Tips for Consuming Less Electricity While Using the Washing Machine and Dishwasher
Running washing machines and dishwashers before they are full causes more electricity and water consumption than normal. Therefore, it is recommended not to operate the machines before they are full.
Most of the washing machines have the “Eco Program” setting. These washing programs save more energy in terms of electricity and water consumption.
Tips for Consuming Less Electricity When Using an Oven
To cook some foods, it may be necessary to turn on the oven beforehand, that is, to preheat. If you are going to do this, do not run the oven more than necessary.
Opening the oven door too often causes the temperature in the oven to decrease and the food in it to be cooked later than usual, thus causing your oven to work longer.
Tips for Consuming Less Electricity When Using the Cooker
If you are using an electric stove, it would be right to choose a compartment of the appropriate size for your pot. Eyes larger than your need cause more electrical energy consumption.
If you have a gas stove that is fired with the help of electricity, do not forget to pull the plug from the socket after cooking.
Tips for Consuming Less Electricity When Using Air Conditioners
If you set your air conditioner to a lower or higher temperature than the required room temperature, this may cause your air conditioner to consume more electrical energy. The ideal room temperature is 21-22°C.
If you do not regularly clean and maintain your air conditioner, it may cause your filters to become dirty. This situation not only threatens your health by reducing the air quality in your home, but also creates a situation where more electrical energy is consumed to reach the desired temperature in your room.
How Much Electrical Energy Do Electrical Appliances Consume?
“What are the household appliances that consume the most electricity?” Finding the answer to the question is not difficult at all. To find out, it is sufficient to look at the Watt value of electrical appliances. The Watt value indicated on the electrical devices indicates the amount of energy they consume per hour.
For example, when we compare a 2100 W iron with a 2400 W hair dryer, it is normal for a hair dryer running for one hour to consume more energy than an iron operating for one hour.
Use Solar Energy If Possible
Solar energy panels that can be placed on roofs can convert solar energy into electrical energy and thus produce the energy needed for the operation of electrical products in your home.